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St. Mary Jamaica

Agualta vale was first owned by Thomas Hibbert, 1710-1780, from Manchester, England. Afterwards it came into the ownership of John Pringle, 1834-l923, a retired from the government service, buying sugar and banana plantations. The present Great House was built by Sir John Pringle in 1907. Albany, in the parish of St. Mary, could be named after a place in the U.S.A. It is a small town with a railway station. Boscobel is a place-name originating in the USA.

Bryan Castle bears the surname of Edward Bryan, proprietor from 1 743 to 1 800, and an important source of West Indian information. Cabaritta Point, not far from Old Harbour, and Cabaritta Island, in the Port .Maria Harbour, St.Mary. Camberwell was first named, evidently, by an early English settler from the environs of London, England.

Cape Clear, southeastern St. Mary, is 2,700 acres of land along with a “Great House”, which has been purchased by the government. Fifty acres are being used for “The Cape Clear Girl’s Camp”, and the Great House is being rebuilt to accommodate fifty girls (1971). Charlottenburgh (Estate) is in St Mary This place-name comes originally from Berlin, Germany In its early history, it was owned by the late Hon. A.C. Westmoreland, planter, who afterwards became Custos of St. Mary. Charlottenburgh was inherited by the Poyer family, who sold it to Mr. H.G. DeLisser. It was owned until recently by Mr. Moms Cargill.

Coxe Piece was named after the first owner, Mr. Alexander Coxe, from Scotland. It was the custom in those early days of Jamaica’s history to refer to a property as a “Piece”. After a time, Mr. Coxe sold a part of the land, and houses were built there which now comprise the (‘nvc Pirp flirtier There is also a Coxe Piece Post Office.)
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Decoy was owned by Sir Charles Price, third son of Francis Price who came to Jamaica as captain under Penn and Venables (1655). For many years he was Speaker of the House of Assembly and was given the name, “The Patriot”. In 1760, he received public recognition by the House, specifically he was thanked for “his dignity, impartiality, and faithful discharge of high office as Speaker”.

Dressikie, a village in the hills of St. Mary, was originally settled by Scottish people and given that name by them. unckeld in St. Mary and Eden Park is listed as being owned in 1936 by J.H. Philpotts. Epsom is in St. Mary along with Fort George is thought to have been named after Captain George Ellis, owner of the Fort George Estate, an early English settler who became Chief Justice of Jamaica, 1736-39.

Fort Haldane is named after General George Haldane, Governor of Jamaica during 1759. Its guns, still remarkably preserved, are placed in a strategic position on a hill with a wide and magnificent view, of what used to be the old shipping port of Port Maria. In 1872, the Fort, which had been transferred to the Jamaica Government by the War Department, was sold to Gray’s Charity for £250. Gray’s Charity is so named because John William Gray, a merchant in Port Maria, and a Vestryman for St. Mary in 1849, directed that £500 be paid to the government for the establishment of a place for the exclusive benefit of the poor of the parish. It was not until July, 1877, that the Rules were made by the governor in Privy Council, but no inmate was admitted until 1897.

Fort Point, in St Mary was the Fortaleza Punta of the Spaniards. Frontier is named because of its geographical location. It is a banana plantation of approximately 200 acres. Grays Inn, in the parish of St. Mary, is evidently named after Grays Inn, the Inn of Court in England. There is a central sugar factory at Grays Inn. Hampstead includes the site of an old Presbyterian church in the hills of that parish. It is a name which originated in London, England.

Heywood Hall was owned in 1811 by McKeny Roberts. In 1760, a formidable insurrection of slaves took place here under a leader called Tacky. They seized the town of Port Maria, armed themselves, killed all white persons who fell into their hands, and were preparing for further assaults when they were met by the troops sent against them. They fought desperately, but in the end were defeated. Four hundred were killed in battle and 600 were deported to British Honduras. The leaders were put to death.

Highgate, a small town in the parish of St. Mary, is said to have derived its name from High gate House, private residence of the Marquis of Sligo, Governor of Jamaica from 1834 to ‘36, who named it after the residential district of High gate, near London. Huddersfield is listed in the Royal Gazette as being owned by John Hodgson, who was the first of the Hodgson family to patent land in Jamaica in the year 1782. It is claimed that he named it after his home town, Huddersfield, in England.

Job’s Hill is said to be so called because one has to have the patience of Job to climb this hill, the reward being a very fine view. Llanrumney was an estate of 1,200 acres owned by Sir Henry Morgan. The property extended to Port Maria Harbour and included the Cabantta Island. Morgan built a Great House there.

Simpson Hill is said to have been named after a Presbyterian minister in charge of the Port Maria church in this parish. In this church there is a mural tablet to Mary Simpson (who died at 30 in November, 1 834) erected by her husband, pastor of the church. Tower Isle named from a tower, is the site of Tower Isle Hotel. Wagwater it is claimed, derives from the word, Guayguata, which is said to have been the name given to Annotto Bay by the Arawaks, Jamaica’s first inhabitants. However, Agualta Vale, the large estate situated in the outlying district of Annotto Bay preserves for us the pseudo-Spanish form. The estate was not called “Wagwater Plantation” until 1763. The alternative English name was Bendysh, after the previous owner Thomas Bendysh. Thomas Bendysh was Member for the parish of St. Maryin 1718.

Watson Hill is said to have been named after a pioneer Methodist minister who established missionary work here. Annotto Bay was known to Jamaica’s first inhabitants, the Arawaks, who gave it the name Guayguata, the meaning of which is not known. The present name Annotto Bay is said to be derived from the existence there of annatto trees (Brarellana). Annotto Bay is on the railway line between Kingston and Port Antonio. Among other buildings of interest is the Baptist chapel designed by the late Rev. Charles Barron from Scotland (minister of the church in the eighteenth century). This church has recently been made a National Monument by the government. Rev. Barron was prepared for missionary work at Cliff College and Hartley College in London and came to Jamaica at the request of The Jamaica Baptist Union in 1886 to take charge of the Mount Angus sphere of churches.

In April of 1887 he married Emma Isabel, the daughter of Rev. Charles Sibley then stationed at Balaclava. From 1891 to 1896 Rev. Barron was in charge of the Annotto Bay sphere of Baptist churches, which included Clonmel and Robin’s Bay. He served a total of 23 churches in Jamaica and was missionary In designing the windows of the Annotto Bay Baptist Chapel Rev. Barron himself cut the glass by hand and fitted it into the frames. He, also, with great skill, decorated the walls of the churches with verses of scripture. This is regarded as the only church in the island with such elaborate decorations, except for Ulster Spring Baptist Church in Trelawny, where Rev. Barron was stationed and whose windows he also designed.

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